Keeping track of the deer populations in NYS Parks isn’t a pretty job. On Monday, March 31st, a team from New York State Offices of Parks, Recreation, and Historic Preservation traveled to Schunnemunk Mountain to carry out a deer pellet survey. Schunnemunk Mountain is located in Schunnemunk State Park in Orange County. One problem that the state parks are facing is deer overpopulation. The large populations of deer are eating native plants and causing a decrease in biodiversity. To inform our knowledge of deer populations, State Parks monitor the deer pellets left in parks to estimate the number of deer in a region.
To make estimates of deer numbers in a large area, wildlife specialists draw parallel transects across the park area.
Following the transect using compass and GPS, the surveyors measure out points 100 feet apart and scan the ground for pellet groups at each point. Points have a radius of four feet in every direction (See figure below). When counting pellets, we look for at least 10 pellets in a grouping. The number of pellet groups can help surveyors estimate the number of deer living in the area.
Naturally, this process involves scrambling through thick brush, across boggy creeks, and over big rocks, but it is all in the name of science!
Of course, it also means catching some lovely views from the top of Schunnemuck Mountain.
Post by Mary Greagan and Paris Harper, photos by Paris Harper